- Discover Indonesia Online

You are currently in > Just a blog about Indonesia > Writers fest highlights poverty and human rights

Writers fest highlights poverty and human rights UBUD - Freedom and human rights are common themes which persist across international literary festivals around the world. The third annual Ubud Writers and Readers festival which closed last week was no exception. The five-day event featured workshops, seminars and panel discussions on topics ranging from the effects of globalization to understanding of Islam in the modern world.

The Government of Indonesia with support from the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) took the opportunity presented by this gathering to convene panel discussions on poverty reduction and the role of human development in Indonesia's national development agenda.

The festival provided a platform for artists, academia, media and other intellectuals to engage the Government of Indonesia in discussions related to the nation's progress towards achieving the targets of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Deputy Coordinating Minister for People's Welfare, Sudjana Royat, spoke alongside other panel members included internationally acclaimed writer Putu Wijaya, influential painter Made Wianta, festival director Janet De Neef, as well as prominent media writers and development specialists.

Central to the discussion was recognition of the need to measure progress not only against quantifiable statistical indicators, but also against whether the lives of poor communities have genuinely been improved. Putu Wijaya would refer to this principal as "placing a human face on development. "

Historically, development in Indonesia has been economically based, with an emphasis on growth and other macro indicators. In rural areas this has usually entailed investment in the exploitation of the nation's abundant natural resources. While this activity has certainly benefited local communities providing much needed employment opportunities, the failure to diversify local economies and fully develop basic social services such as education and healthcare has lead to cycles of boom and bust, the most pronounced of which was the pandemic regression brought about by the Asian financial crisis.

Human development represents an alternative approach. It focuses on growth which is more sustainable, simultaneously raising living standards and reducing citizen's overall vulnerability to economic, social and environmental shocks. Human Development enhances freedom of choice by enlarging human capabilities and opportunities. It empowers the people to take direct actions which improve their lives.

Deputy Coordinating Minister for People's Welfare Sudjana stressed the need for greater engagement at the grass roots level directly empowering local communities to play a more integral role in the planning, execution and management of local development initiatives. The government intends to pursue this agenda through the setting up of local Community Trust Funds which will provide greater ownership, transparency and accountability for decisions which directly impact the poor.

A key to comprehending the role which human development plays in Indonesia's ongoing development agenda rests in understanding its relation to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). As one of the 189 nations to adopt the Millennium Declaration in September of 2000, Indonesia continues to strive for the 2015 attainment of targets set in accordance with the MDGs.

The MDGs represent aspects of human development which are specifically relevant to progress made in improving the conditions of the poorest members of society. They are strongly associated with addressing the deprivation side of human development which is human poverty. This concept of human poverty is multi-dimensional.

It goes beyond income poverty to include deprivations in areas related to hunger and nutrition, education, gender equality, health (including infant and maternal mortality as well as disease control) and environmental degradation. The MDGs use a human rights based approach to reach the human development objectives which affect those most in need of advancement.

While the MDGs are essentially human development goals, the pursuit of human development is not limited only to the achievement of MDGs. Human development extends beyond the MDGs to include critical aspects in social development such as political and civil liberties and participation in community life.

The successful 2004 elections represent a key achievement in terms of Human Development. Media representatives in the panel discussion expressed concern that the freedoms provided by Indonesia's democratic advancement should not be taken for granted.

Citing recent developments in Thailand, Michael Vatikiotis highlighted the importance of national leadership which is responsible, transparent and accountable. Given the high priority which Asian cultures place on these values, any compromise could prove divisive, polarizing society and leading to restrictive measures including the curtailment of freedom in favor of public order. Development which is fair and equitable represents a fundamental aspect of good governance and is essential to continuing democratic freedom and reform.

Support for human development will require the participation of stakeholders from all levels of society. This year's Ubud Writers and Readers Festival served as an excellent opportunity for the Government of Indonesia to engage stakeholders from the national and international literary and artistic communities, academia and media. With continuing support from these groups as well as civil society, the private sector and the donor community, the Government of Indonesia will continue to advance its agenda of making the nation a more democratic and egalitarian society.

Richard Aitken

The writer is consultant, MDGs Support Unit, United Nations Development Program.

Posted in Culture @ 14 October 2006 by Jeroen · 'Blog' RSS feed · permalink

There are no reactions on this blog entry yet. Be the first one to give a reaction here!

Log in to write a reaction

You are not logged in to the website. You have to be logged in to write a reaction on this blog entry.

· If you already have an account, please login.
· If you have lost your password, please retrieve it.
· If you don't have an account yet, you can create one.

Add this blog entry to your email, your own blog, MySpace, Facebook, or whatsoever via AddThis:
Bookmark and Share

e-mail updates for this blog article

Login if you want to receive emails for reactions on this blog entry. You will receive an update as soon as a reaction on this blog entry is posted.

Your website for tickets in Indonesia!
Looking for e-tickets for flights in Indonesia? Here's your solution! Order your e-tickets at
· 2015, 28 entries
· 2014, 591 entries
· 2013, 750 entries
· 2012, 1061 entries
· 2011, 792 entries
· 2010, 644 entries
· 2009, 916 entries
· 2008, 504 entries
· 2007, 725 entries
· 2006, 1014 entries
· 2005, 723 entries
· 2004, 558 entries
· 2003, 525 entries
· 2002, 375 entries
· 2001, 162 entries
· gigolo
· jakarta
· blogger
Automatically generated every hour
· General (1205 entries)
· Economy (643 entries)
· Politics (574 entries)
· Accidents (561 entries)
· Terrorism (541 entries)
· Earthquake (539 entries)
· Volcanoes (387 entries)
· Crime (357 entries)
· Corruption (349 entries)
· Flooding (278 entries)
· Elections (276 entries)
· Travel (268 entries)
· Bird Flu (254 entries)
· Religion (242 entries)
· Tourism (239 entries)
· Oddly enough ... (219 entries)
· Violence (198 entries)
· Drugs (196 entries)
· Health (192 entries)
· Aceh conflict (191 entries)
· Environment (185 entries)
· Weather (171 entries)
· Military (168 entries)
· Protests (157 entries)
· Culture (106 entries)
· Garuda Indonesia (91 entries)
· C. Sulawesi conflict (86 entries)
· Human rights (82 entries)
· Forest fires (78 entries)
· Sidoarjo mudflow (71 entries)
· Power supply (64 entries)
· Ramadan (63 entries)
· PT Freeport (55 entries)
· Picture guess (48 entries)
· Maluku conflict (47 entries)
· Dengue Fever (37 entries)
· History (37 entries)
· Infrastructure (36 entries)
· Polio (35 entries)
· Mexican flu (35 entries)
· Website (25 entries)
· Media (22 entries)
· Nuclear power (21 entries)
· Sports (20 entries)
· Sexy (16 entries)
· SARS (15 entries)
· Nightlife (10 entries)
· Others (5 entries)
· Lippo Cikarang (5 entries)
· Close smallest categories
EUR-IDR: 16,590 · 16,620  The Rupiah rate declined since yesterday
@ 17 May 2018 18:12 CET
JPY-IDR: 126.83 · 126.95  The Rupiah rate improved since yesterday
@ 17 May 2018 21:58 CET
MYR-IDR: 3,545 · 3,549  The Rupiah rate declined since yesterday
@ 15 May 2018 08:42 CET
SGD-IDR: 10,479 · 10,501  The Rupiah rate declined since yesterday
@ 07 May 2018 07:48 CET
THB-IDR: 439.14 · 439.41  The Rupiah rate declined since yesterday
@ 16 May 2018 09:18 CET
USD-IDR: 14,097 · 14,157  The Rupiah rate declined since yesterday
@ 17 May 2018 00:46 CET
Go to 'exchange rates' 
·  At 14 July 2020 08:32 newnight reacted on Three more bodies of AirAsia victims to Surabaya hospital
·  At 20 September 2018 06:54 erik12 reacted on Fuel prices lowered, again
·  At 19 October 2015 17:17 imambudianto5 reacted on Bank Indonesia maintains benchmark interest rate at 7.75%
·  At 04 March 2015 19:18 merdekaSah reacted on Alleged terrorists shot dead three villagers in Poso
·  At 04 March 2015 13:11 Yogya-Bali reacted on Alleged terrorists shot dead three villagers in Poso
·  At 26 February 2015 13:02 Irena reacted on Sexy, a young woman with candy
·  At 08 May 2014 09:51 jstar reacted on No alcohol should be sold in warung
·  At 01 May 2014 10:07 jstar reacted on Indonesia to be among the top 10 peacekeeping contributors
·  At 27 March 2014 05:50 harlys reacted on PPP leader voices concern over Islamic parties' future
·  At 10 March 2014 06:11 Yogya-Bali reacted on Sriwijaya Air leaves behind 200 passengers at airport
·  At 09 March 2014 00:11 Yerun reacted on Sriwijaya Air leaves behind 200 passengers at airport
·  At 08 March 2014 20:33 nicknick reacted on Sriwijaya Air leaves behind 200 passengers at airport
·  At 18 February 2014 04:17 Yerun reacted on Ash from Mount Kelud eruption spreads over all of Java
·  At 16 February 2014 05:41 Amed East Bali reacted on Ash from Mount Kelud eruption spreads over all of Java
·  At 14 February 2014 22:27 Anne Mieke reacted on Asylum seekers in Medan wish to be sent to Australia
·  At 14 February 2014 22:22 beritaislam reacted on Asylum seekers in Medan wish to be sent to Australia
·  At 16 January 2014 15:37 Anne Mieke reacted on Landslides cut off Tomohon-Manado road
·  At 16 January 2014 15:21 Yerun reacted on Landslides cut off Tomohon-Manado road
·  At 16 January 2014 15:05 Anne Mieke reacted on Landslides cut off Tomohon-Manado road
·  At 16 January 2014 14:48 Yerun reacted on Landslides cut off Tomohon-Manado road
Go to 'forum topics' 

Created by · feedback & contact · © 2000-2020
Other websites by · · ·

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional 140,295,174 pageviews Discover Indonesia Online at