blog.indahnesia.com - Discover Indonesia Online

    
You are currently in > Just a blog about Indonesia > Is affordable, clean water for all just a dream?


Is affordable, clean water for all just a dream? JAKARTA - The number of Indonesian urban poor without access to running water, an estimated 50 million people, exceeds the combined populations of Australia, Malaysia and Singapore. Nearly half of all people currently living in Jakarta, the fourth most populous city in the world, lack a piped water connection; this number of unconnected is greater than the urban population of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Ho Chi Minh City manages to provide 84 percent of its population with coverage. Burdened by poverty and debt, Colombo, Sri Lanka still covers 69 percent of the urban populace. Cities as close as Kuala Lumpur and as large as Seoul have managed to supply 100 percent of their residents with 24 hour access to piped water.

25 years ago, Malaysian government officials traveled to Indonesia to study how to develop a water supply network and today there is no question of their success. This then begs the question; how have so many of Indonesia's developing neighbors managed to expand and support sufficient water supply networks while little progress is made here?

Indonesia is capable, both technically and financially, of providing a running water supply to 100 percent of the population. It is essential for all parties involved, including central and municipal governments, local communities and of course, utilities, to communicate and address each others needs and limitations.

All things considered, the expense of not having access to piped water is more than physical, it is financial. When there is not the added cost of a health detriment, there is the added cost of acquiring clean water from vendors. For at least six million of those estimated 50 million unconnected to piped water, the lack of connection is not from an inability to pay, indeed these people are forced to acquire water from private vendors in jerry cans at extraordinarily high rates far in excess of water utility tariffs.

Rather, in most Indonesian cities, local water utility tariffs for the poor ("social tariffs") may be as low as Rp. 300 (US$ 0.03) per cubic meter, and commercial and industrial tariffs as high as Rp. 10,000 ($1) per cubic meter that, even with cross-subsidies, the use of profits from one activity to cover the losses of another, local water utilities (PDAMs) are forced to sell water to the poor at a loss and thus avoid serving predominantly poor areas.

Further, there is neither law nor regulation that mandates utilities to specifically target equal service to the poor, and thus they do not. With a lack of incentives both legal and financial for PDAMs to expand connections, a needy poor are left to overpriced vendors, wells of various constructions, illegal taps, often polluted lakes and rivers, and the hope of rain.

Consumption of clean water is not just about drinking but also about sanitation. According to the World Health Organization, the availability of an improved water supply is known to dramatically reduce the transmission of diarrhea, malaria, Japanese encephalitis, hepatitis A, and schistosomiasis, a disease that can lead to blindness, just to name a few.

Currently, the average household lacking a connection to piped water cannot afford to consume the Government established minimum monthly amount for basic health. With the basic level of water required for regular hand washing not available to the urban poor, the hope of having enough water to prevent a sudden onset of disease could literally go down the drain.

Here, the lack of piped water can compound a danger into a tragedy. Providing water connections to Indonesian urban poor not only ensures that the lives of those people who most desperately need it will be improved but also that the risk to the population at large will be reduced.

Indonesia has made significant strides in increasing access to improved water supply and in particular piped water. The country now needs to find its focus. There needs to be a concerted effort to address issues that if left alone will become systemic and regressive. In particular, the issue of tariffs charged by PDAMs should be reevaluated in terms that allow the utilities to expand and the poor to pay lower rates for a piped connection than they currently do to obtain water by less conventional means. The local governments must help; they must be willing to spurn cronyism and appoint managers that are capable of engaging PDAMs and facilitating expansion.

Also, the Central Government can facilitate growth through the use of explicit performance based subsidies such as Output Based Aid (OBA). Additionally, well targeted, Government/Donor matching grants can provide the capital necessary for initial PDAM expansion. The methods for improvement are many but the goal is singular; to improve the lives of the people that are being left behind, the poor. Availability of water is a basic necessity and a fundamental right for society; it provides health and dignity to the population and should be available to all Indonesians.



Posted in General @ 06 February 2006 by Jeroen · 'Blog' RSS feed · permalink






There are no reactions on this blog entry yet. Be the first one to give a reaction here!


Log in to write a reaction

You are not logged in to the website. You have to be logged in to write a reaction on this blog entry.

· If you already have an account, please login.
· If you have lost your password, please retrieve it.
· If you don't have an account yet, you can create one.

    
 ABOUT THIS ENTRY
Add this blog entry to your email, your own blog, MySpace, Facebook, or whatsoever via AddThis:
Bookmark and Share

e-mail updates for this blog article

Login if you want to receive emails for reactions on this blog entry. You will receive an update as soon as a reaction on this blog entry is posted.

Your website for tickets in Indonesia!
Looking for e-tickets for flights in Indonesia? Here's your solution! Order your e-tickets at ticketindonesia.info.
 FOLLOW US ON TWITTER
 BLOG ARCHIVE
· 2015, 28 entries
· 2014, 591 entries
· 2013, 750 entries
· 2012, 1061 entries
· 2011, 792 entries
· 2010, 644 entries
· 2009, 916 entries
· 2008, 504 entries
· 2007, 725 entries
· 2006, 1014 entries
· 2005, 723 entries
· 2004, 558 entries
· 2003, 525 entries
· 2002, 375 entries
· 2001, 162 entries
 POPULAR TAGS
· gigolo
· jakarta
· blogger
Automatically generated every hour
 BLOG CATEGORIES
· General (1205 entries)
· Economy (643 entries)
· Politics (574 entries)
· Accidents (561 entries)
· Terrorism (541 entries)
· Earthquake (539 entries)
· Volcanoes (387 entries)
· Crime (357 entries)
· Corruption (349 entries)
· Flooding (278 entries)
· Elections (276 entries)
· Travel (268 entries)
· Bird Flu (254 entries)
· Religion (242 entries)
· Tourism (239 entries)
· Oddly enough ... (219 entries)
· Violence (198 entries)
· Drugs (196 entries)
· Health (192 entries)
· Aceh conflict (191 entries)
· Environment (185 entries)
· Weather (171 entries)
· Military (168 entries)
· Protests (157 entries)
· Culture (106 entries)
· Garuda Indonesia (91 entries)
· C. Sulawesi conflict (86 entries)
· Human rights (82 entries)
· Forest fires (78 entries)
· Sidoarjo mudflow (71 entries)
· Power supply (64 entries)
· Ramadan (63 entries)
· PT Freeport (55 entries)
· Picture guess (48 entries)
· Maluku conflict (47 entries)
· History (37 entries)
· Dengue Fever (37 entries)
· Infrastructure (36 entries)
· Polio (35 entries)
· Mexican flu (35 entries)
· Website (25 entries)
· Media (22 entries)
· Nuclear power (21 entries)
· Sports (20 entries)
· Sexy (16 entries)
· SARS (15 entries)
· Nightlife (10 entries)
· Others (5 entries)
· Lippo Cikarang (5 entries)
· Close smallest categories
 EXCHANGE RATES
EUR-IDR: 16,590 · 16,620  The Rupiah rate declined since yesterday
@ 17 May 2018 18:12 CET
JPY-IDR: 126.83 · 126.95  The Rupiah rate improved since yesterday
@ 17 May 2018 21:58 CET
MYR-IDR: 3,545 · 3,549  The Rupiah rate declined since yesterday
@ 15 May 2018 08:42 CET
SGD-IDR: 10,479 · 10,501  The Rupiah rate declined since yesterday
@ 07 May 2018 07:48 CET
THB-IDR: 439.14 · 439.41  The Rupiah rate declined since yesterday
@ 16 May 2018 09:18 CET
USD-IDR: 14,097 · 14,157  The Rupiah rate declined since yesterday
@ 17 May 2018 00:46 CET
Go to 'exchange rates' 
 MOST RECENT REACTIONS
·  At 14 July 2020 08:32 newnight reacted on Three more bodies of AirAsia victims to Surabaya hospital
·  At 20 September 2018 06:54 erik12 reacted on Fuel prices lowered, again
·  At 19 October 2015 17:17 imambudianto5 reacted on Bank Indonesia maintains benchmark interest rate at 7.75%
·  At 04 March 2015 19:18 merdekaSah reacted on Alleged terrorists shot dead three villagers in Poso
·  At 04 March 2015 13:11 Yogya-Bali reacted on Alleged terrorists shot dead three villagers in Poso
·  At 26 February 2015 13:02 Irena reacted on Sexy, a young woman with candy
·  At 08 May 2014 09:51 jstar reacted on No alcohol should be sold in warung
·  At 01 May 2014 10:07 jstar reacted on Indonesia to be among the top 10 peacekeeping contributors
·  At 27 March 2014 05:50 harlys reacted on PPP leader voices concern over Islamic parties' future
·  At 10 March 2014 06:11 Yogya-Bali reacted on Sriwijaya Air leaves behind 200 passengers at airport
·  At 09 March 2014 00:11 Yerun reacted on Sriwijaya Air leaves behind 200 passengers at airport
·  At 08 March 2014 20:33 nicknick reacted on Sriwijaya Air leaves behind 200 passengers at airport
·  At 18 February 2014 04:17 Yerun reacted on Ash from Mount Kelud eruption spreads over all of Java
·  At 16 February 2014 05:41 Amed East Bali reacted on Ash from Mount Kelud eruption spreads over all of Java
·  At 14 February 2014 22:27 Anne Mieke reacted on Asylum seekers in Medan wish to be sent to Australia
·  At 14 February 2014 22:22 beritaislam reacted on Asylum seekers in Medan wish to be sent to Australia
·  At 16 January 2014 15:37 Anne Mieke reacted on Landslides cut off Tomohon-Manado road
·  At 16 January 2014 15:21 Yerun reacted on Landslides cut off Tomohon-Manado road
·  At 16 January 2014 15:05 Anne Mieke reacted on Landslides cut off Tomohon-Manado road
·  At 16 January 2014 14:48 Yerun reacted on Landslides cut off Tomohon-Manado road
Go to 'forum topics' 

Created by indahnesia.com · feedback & contact · © 2000-2020
Other websites by indahnesia.com: ticketindonesia.info · kamus-online.com · indonesiepagina.nl · suvono.nl

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional 137,434,483 pageviews Discover Indonesia Online at indahnesia.com