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Unusual high temperature JAKARTA - Many people who have complained about the extremely hot weather just recently have the answer as the Meteorological and Geophysical Agency (BMG) acknowledged on Wednesday the significant temperature increase that hit parts of the country from last week would end late this month. It has affected a number of provinces in Java, Sumatra, East and West Nusa Tenggara, according to chief of the BMG's weather forecasting division Achmad Zakir.
The highest temperatures occurred in the southern Sumatra city of Bandar Lampung, where they reached 38 degrees Celsius. Temperatures of 36 degrees were recorded in Jakarta; Jatiwangi, West Java; Semarang, Central Java; Surabaya, East Java and other areas in West Nusa Tenggara and East Nusa Tenggara provinces, Zakir said. In Jakarta, many people on the street have been complaining about the heat, particularly between 11 a.m. and 2 p.m.
"We still don't know whether temperatures have peaked yet, but I can say that the weather will gradually become cooler and return to the normal 32 degrees by the end of this month," Zakir told The Jakarta Post. According to Zakir, the temperature rise in those areas was attributable to at least three factors, including cooler temperatures in the Java Sea, a hotter atmosphere above the Earth and hot winds blowing in from Australia.
Under normal circumstances, Zakir said, the temperature of the Java Sea would be around 27 degrees to 28 degrees, but currently it was only around 25 degrees to 26 degrees, which had made it difficult for seawater to evaporate. "At such temperatures, there is hardly any evaporation from the sea, which causes high atmospheric pressure. The wind then blows the hot air caused by high pressure over the Java Sea toward Jakarta and its surroundings," Zakir said.
Zakir added that the other reason for the rise in temperature was the higher temperatures in the atmosphere, some 2,000 feet to 3,000 feet above the Earth, which prevented dust and other particles from floating to the upper atmosphere. He said the temperature at a level of 2,000 feet to 3,000 feet above the Earth was normally around 5 degrees to 6 degrees. But at present it was about 8 degrees. According to Zakir, particles floating in the atmosphere were mainly air-borne matter like dust, while the amount of water vapor had dropped due to the lower temperature of the Java Sea.
He added that dust particles in the atmosphere had caused an increase in surface temperatures as heat from the sun reflected by the earth was then being reflected back by the dust in the atmosphere. Hot winds blowing from Australia are an additional factor behind the rise in temperature in certain parts of the country, particularly due to the position of the sun, which is now directly overhead in the southern hemisphere.
He said that there would be rainfall this month in those regions, but it would not significantly reduce temperatures there. According to Zakir, the latest natural phenomenon occurred in May 1996 before El Nio hit the country, which caused a long draught that resulted in harvest failures and serious forest fires in Sumatra and Kalimantan.



Posted in Weather @ 24 October 2002 00:01 CET by Jeroen · 'Blog' RSS feed · permalink






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