blog.indahnesia.com - Discover Indonesia Online

    
You are currently in > Just a blog about Indonesia > Dynamite, cyanide destroy coral reefs in S. Sulawesi


MAKASSAR - The widespread use of sodium cyanide and explosives in fishing has caused massive damage to coral reefs in South Sulawesi over the past decade, local environmentalists say. "Some studies show that about 70 percent of coral reefs in the Spermonde islands and on the west coast of South Sulawesi are seriously damaged because fishing activities in these areas ignore the environmental aspect", said Willem Moka, of the Maritime Biology and Research Center for Coral Reefs at Hasanuddin University.
The area is well-known for its strong winds and huge waves and explosives and cyanide are considered effective to catch fish quickly. In addition, conventional fishing gear will not ensure a good catch. Hence a shortcut is necessary: the use of sodium cyanide and explosives. They are unaware, sadly to say, that this method does great damage to the environment.
Sodium cyanide and explosives are used, among other things, because certain expensive species of fish, for example kerapu, usually hide behind coral reefs and they can be caught only after they are anesthetized by spraying chemicals into the gaps in the reefs. If they cannot catch the fish easily, they will damage the coral reefs to chase the fish.
The use of chemicals in fishing causes the death of living tissues and the ecosystem of the coral reefs. Moka says that once a coral reef ecosystem is damaged by chemicals or explosives, its restoration will be very difficult. It will take about 40 years to 50 years to restore a damaged coral reef ecosystem while broken corals will take about four to five years to return to their normal condition.
"Coral can survive as long as they have living tissues," Moka said. To prevent the damage to coral reefs from worsening, Moka suggested that a nucleus zone, a protection zone and an exploitation zone be established and modeled upon Maluku's sasi system in which an island is alternately isolated and then opened again. Under this system, locals will be prohibited from fishing at particular times.
Efforts to cut the destruction of coral reefs have been made by some institutions such as the government, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and the World Bank through its Coral Reef Rehabilitation and Management Project (Cormap). The South Sulawesi-based Research Institution for Coastal Villages and Community (LP3M) is one of the institutions focusing themselves on the rehabilitation of coral reefs and providing guidance to the people living in the Taka Bonerate National Sea Park in the regency of Selayar.
The director of LP3M, Hermanto Aziz, said that the fishermen in Taka Bonerate were guided through the community-based management pattern, namely building the participation of fishermen in cultivating the sea and determining conservation areas. The pattern is successful. Several years of involvement in the program to save coral reefs has improved the locals' awareness of the need to keep coral reefs in good condition.
It is the fishermen that determine the protection zone and then manage it well as they can directly look at the process such as the increase in the number of fish and other organisms. Based on the World Bank's calculation, Hermanto Aziz said, the financial losses incurred on coral mining for the next 25 years reaches Rp 350 billion.
The use of explosives causes losses worth about Rp 165 billion a month while monthly losses of Rp 35 billion have been caused through fish poisoning. Hermanto said that the sea management and protection would benefit fishermen as they could increase harvests and also maintain the preservation of coral reefs. Although the management of coral reefs has been successful in reducing coral damage, there are still differences in perception among fishermen as some say that coral reefs management constitutes a fishery activity that must give maximum results.
In relation to the serious efforts of LP3M in Taka Bonerate, Moka said that the condition of coral reefs in the Taka Bonerate National Park was still good. In the 1980s and 1990s, Willem said, the Taka Bonerate National Park suffered quite serious damage but the extent of the damage had now been reduced thanks to the government's deployment of sea rangers, control by security apparatuses and involvement of non-governmental organizations.

Hasanuddin Hamid



Posted in Environment @ 30 April 2002 by Jeroen · 'Blog' RSS feed · permalink






There are no reactions on this blog entry yet. Be the first one to give a reaction here!


Log in to write a reaction

You are not logged in to the website. You have to be logged in to write a reaction on this blog entry.

· If you already have an account, please login.
· If you have lost your password, please retrieve it.
· If you don't have an account yet, you can create one.

    
 ABOUT THIS ENTRY
Add this blog entry to your email, your own blog, MySpace, Facebook, or whatsoever via AddThis:
Bookmark and Share

e-mail updates for this blog article

Login if you want to receive emails for reactions on this blog entry. You will receive an update as soon as a reaction on this blog entry is posted.

Your website for tickets in Indonesia!
Looking for e-tickets for flights in Indonesia? Here's your solution! Order your e-tickets at ticketindonesia.info.
 FOLLOW US ON TWITTER
 BLOG ARCHIVE
· 2015, 28 entries
· 2014, 591 entries
· 2013, 750 entries
· 2012, 1061 entries
· 2011, 792 entries
· 2010, 644 entries
· 2009, 916 entries
· 2008, 504 entries
· 2007, 725 entries
· 2006, 1014 entries
· 2005, 723 entries
· 2004, 558 entries
· 2003, 525 entries
· 2002, 375 entries
· 2001, 162 entries
 POPULAR TAGS
· gigolo
· jakarta
· blogger
Automatically generated every hour
 BLOG CATEGORIES
· General (1205 entries)
· Economy (643 entries)
· Politics (574 entries)
· Accidents (561 entries)
· Terrorism (541 entries)
· Earthquake (539 entries)
· Volcanoes (387 entries)
· Crime (357 entries)
· Corruption (349 entries)
· Flooding (278 entries)
· Elections (276 entries)
· Travel (268 entries)
· Bird Flu (254 entries)
· Religion (242 entries)
· Tourism (239 entries)
· Oddly enough ... (219 entries)
· Violence (198 entries)
· Drugs (196 entries)
· Health (192 entries)
· Aceh conflict (191 entries)
· Environment (185 entries)
· Weather (171 entries)
· Military (168 entries)
· Protests (157 entries)
· Culture (106 entries)
· Garuda Indonesia (91 entries)
· C. Sulawesi conflict (86 entries)
· Human rights (82 entries)
· Forest fires (78 entries)
· Sidoarjo mudflow (71 entries)
· Power supply (64 entries)
· Ramadan (63 entries)
· PT Freeport (55 entries)
· Picture guess (48 entries)
· Maluku conflict (47 entries)
· Dengue Fever (37 entries)
· History (37 entries)
· Infrastructure (36 entries)
· Polio (35 entries)
· Mexican flu (35 entries)
· Website (25 entries)
· Media (22 entries)
· Nuclear power (21 entries)
· Sports (20 entries)
· Sexy (16 entries)
· SARS (15 entries)
· Nightlife (10 entries)
· Others (5 entries)
· Lippo Cikarang (5 entries)
· Close smallest categories
 EXCHANGE RATES
EUR-IDR: 16,590 · 16,620  The Rupiah rate declined since yesterday
@ 17 May 2018 18:12 CET
JPY-IDR: 126.83 · 126.95  The Rupiah rate improved since yesterday
@ 17 May 2018 21:58 CET
MYR-IDR: 3,545 · 3,549  The Rupiah rate declined since yesterday
@ 15 May 2018 08:42 CET
SGD-IDR: 10,479 · 10,501  The Rupiah rate declined since yesterday
@ 07 May 2018 07:48 CET
THB-IDR: 439.14 · 439.41  The Rupiah rate declined since yesterday
@ 16 May 2018 09:18 CET
USD-IDR: 14,097 · 14,157  The Rupiah rate declined since yesterday
@ 17 May 2018 00:46 CET
Go to 'exchange rates' 
 MOST RECENT REACTIONS
·  At 20 September 2018 06:54 erik12 reacted on Fuel prices lowered, again
·  At 19 October 2015 17:17 imambudianto5 reacted on Bank Indonesia maintains benchmark interest rate at 7.75%
·  At 04 March 2015 19:18 merdekaSah reacted on Alleged terrorists shot dead three villagers in Poso
·  At 04 March 2015 13:11 Yogya-Bali reacted on Alleged terrorists shot dead three villagers in Poso
·  At 26 February 2015 13:02 Irena reacted on Sexy, a young woman with candy
·  At 08 May 2014 09:51 jstar reacted on No alcohol should be sold in warung
·  At 01 May 2014 10:07 jstar reacted on Indonesia to be among the top 10 peacekeeping contributors
·  At 27 March 2014 05:50 harlys reacted on PPP leader voices concern over Islamic parties' future
·  At 10 March 2014 06:11 Yogya-Bali reacted on Sriwijaya Air leaves behind 200 passengers at airport
·  At 09 March 2014 00:11 Yerun reacted on Sriwijaya Air leaves behind 200 passengers at airport
·  At 08 March 2014 20:33 nicknick reacted on Sriwijaya Air leaves behind 200 passengers at airport
·  At 18 February 2014 04:17 Yerun reacted on Ash from Mount Kelud eruption spreads over all of Java
·  At 16 February 2014 05:41 Amed East Bali reacted on Ash from Mount Kelud eruption spreads over all of Java
·  At 14 February 2014 22:27 Anne Mieke reacted on Asylum seekers in Medan wish to be sent to Australia
·  At 14 February 2014 22:22 beritaislam reacted on Asylum seekers in Medan wish to be sent to Australia
·  At 16 January 2014 15:37 Anne Mieke reacted on Landslides cut off Tomohon-Manado road
·  At 16 January 2014 15:21 Yerun reacted on Landslides cut off Tomohon-Manado road
·  At 16 January 2014 15:05 Anne Mieke reacted on Landslides cut off Tomohon-Manado road
·  At 16 January 2014 14:48 Yerun reacted on Landslides cut off Tomohon-Manado road
·  At 16 January 2014 14:41 Yerun reacted on Landslides cut off Tomohon-Manado road
Go to 'forum topics' 

Created by indahnesia.com · feedback & contact · © 2000-2019
Other websites by indahnesia.com: ticketindonesia.info · kamus-online.com · indonesiepagina.nl · suvono.nl

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional 125,802,913 pageviews Discover Indonesia Online at indahnesia.com