blog.indahnesia.com - Discover Indonesia Online

    
You are currently in > Just a blog about Indonesia > Compromise and threats of violence


JAKARTA - The minutes are ticking away toward the end of the month, the day the House of Representatives will convene its plenary session, while the whole nation is on tenterhooks and politicians continue to make so much fuss about the possibility of a meeting among the top leadership. Will they agree to reconciliation through compromise? A meeting maybe, but a compromise? And what kind of compromise?
The signs do not seem promising. Abdurrahman "Gus Dur" Wahid has indicated -- again -- when saying that he would present his accountability report to the People's Consultative Assembly in 2004, that he really wants to carry on to the end of his term as President. He claimed that Vice President Megawati Soekarnoputri had pledged to support his presidency until 2004, and that she wanted to remain Vice President. This, however, has been denied by her party, the Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI Perjuangan).
The President has also warned of a "nationwide rebellion" against the House if its attempts to oust him continue. This must be a special kind of rebellion, for a rebellion is normally understood to be staged against a government. Previously he also warned that Aceh, Irian Jaya and, ridiculously, even the small island of Madura would declare independence should he step down. What are the possible implications? Gus Dur seems to remain self-confident, if not overconfident. He does not seem to realize the gravity of the crucial, even dangerous, situation. He does not seem to realize the real threat to national unity.
One would rightly wonder whether his self-confidence, particularly his reference to a possible "rebellion" against the House, has anything to do with the tens of thousands of jihad warriors being formed by self-proclaimed "Defenders of Truth" in East Java and Medan, North Sumatra, in support of the President, to defend him against attempts to impeach him. By definition, any compromise never satisfies anyone. Yet it is the best and the most that can result from a negotiation between the parties involved.
A compromise, and thus reconciliation, may be possible only if the four leaders are motivated by common concern with the interest of the nation as a whole as its foundation. And the immediate interest of the nation at this crucial and dangerous stage is the prevention of escalating social conflicts that pose a real threat to national unity, and thus the nation's very survival. A compromise is possible also if all the parties involved are ready and willing to make sacrifices in the pursuit of their common interests. They must be prepared to sacrifice their personal interests and those of their groups, however defined, at least for the time being.
In fact, they would be able to serve these interests precisely in their efforts to serve their common interests, which are the interests of the nation as a whole. Surely, however, personal and group interests are valid as long as they form part of the wider interest of the nation, at least not contrary to the general interest. Otherwise, such interests that may be contrary to humanity or universal human values like equality, justice and basic human rights, may not be pursued by abusing democratic process and democratic mechanism.
The top national leadership should realize the gravity of the current situation. The country is on the verge of collapse and destruction. Thus the stakes of the current crisis are so great as to be worth the sacrifices. Otherwise, it is always the common people, especially the poor, the weak and the marginalized, who pay the price. Fear of the threat or use of violence, however, should not dictate a compromise. It should not be a compromise reached under duress. Such a compromise would have no lasting value, for once the threat of force or violence was gone, the compromise would be discarded.
Moreover, a compromise under the threat of force would virtually mean justifying and giving way to the use or threat of violence. Democratic process should not knuckle under the threat of force, for the threat or use of force is against democratic ideals. On the other hand, politicians should be honest enough to realize that either directly or consciously or otherwise, in one way or another, they also play a part in encouraging the use of violence by their unwise remarks and behavior. Therefore, they should also share the responsibility for the current tendency to resort to mass violence.
Indeed, the whole nation is still in the early process of democratization through a long, rough and winding road. Indonesians are still learning to listen to criticism, to differ with one another, and to accept political defeat with grace, and to win political victory with magnanimity. We have opted for a democratic system despite its high price and its inefficiency, because the system respects human rights. A political compromise among the top leadership would not in itself be a guarantee for a quick recovery from the crisis.
Given the absence of violence or a serious threat of violence, however, it would ensure the continuation of the reform process toward a healthier democratic life and good governance, which would lead eventually to recovery from the crisis. The apparent threat of violence posed by the formation of special forces in support and in defense of President Abdurrahman should not constitute pressure on his political opponents. On the contrary, it may bring pressure to bear on the President himself toward his realization of the acute danger the turn of events poses to the nation, not just to his position.
Therefore the most important form of compromise should be incumbent upon the President's own initiative to step down for the sake of the unity, integrity and the survival of the nation. This scenario, however, as many that have come to know him would probably agree, is the least likely. The second best option would be the strengthening of the position and powers vested in Vice President Megawati. The overpowering President may likely hinder even this.
Under a parliamentary system, a prime minister would dissolve parliament and decide on a fresh election to win a new mandate of the people. Under the 1945 Constitution of this country, this should be a decision made by the Assembly. That choice would be very costly in a number of ways. However, an election would be the proper entry point into further process of democratization. It would be a choice better understood by the international community. This would better ensure Indonesia's credibility, which the nation badly needs for recovery, than resorting to narrow nationalistic slogans.
And the whole process, hopefully, would help our politicians realize the urgent need for a constitutional change. Otherwise, the vague and ambiguous nature of the current Constitution would again lead to continuous bickering among politicians.

By J. Soedjati Djiwandono




Posted in Politics @ 25 April 2001 by Jeroen · 'Blog' RSS feed · permalink






There are no reactions on this blog entry yet. Be the first one to give a reaction here!


Log in to write a reaction

You are not logged in to the website. You have to be logged in to write a reaction on this blog entry.

· If you already have an account, please login.
· If you have lost your password, please retrieve it.
· If you don't have an account yet, you can create one.

    
 ABOUT THIS ENTRY
Add this blog entry to your email, your own blog, MySpace, Facebook, or whatsoever via AddThis:
Bookmark and Share

e-mail updates for this blog article

Login if you want to receive emails for reactions on this blog entry. You will receive an update as soon as a reaction on this blog entry is posted.

Your website for tickets in Indonesia!
Looking for e-tickets for flights in Indonesia? Here's your solution! Order your e-tickets at ticketindonesia.info.
 FOLLOW US ON TWITTER
 BLOG ARCHIVE
· 2015, 28 entries
· 2014, 591 entries
· 2013, 750 entries
· 2012, 1061 entries
· 2011, 792 entries
· 2010, 644 entries
· 2009, 916 entries
· 2008, 504 entries
· 2007, 725 entries
· 2006, 1014 entries
· 2005, 723 entries
· 2004, 558 entries
· 2003, 525 entries
· 2002, 375 entries
· 2001, 162 entries
 POPULAR TAGS
· gigolo
· jakarta
· blogger
Automatically generated every hour
 BLOG CATEGORIES
· General (1205 entries)
· Economy (643 entries)
· Politics (574 entries)
· Accidents (561 entries)
· Terrorism (541 entries)
· Earthquake (539 entries)
· Volcanoes (387 entries)
· Crime (357 entries)
· Corruption (349 entries)
· Flooding (278 entries)
· Elections (276 entries)
· Travel (268 entries)
· Bird Flu (254 entries)
· Religion (242 entries)
· Tourism (239 entries)
· Oddly enough ... (219 entries)
· Violence (198 entries)
· Drugs (196 entries)
· Health (192 entries)
· Aceh conflict (191 entries)
· Environment (185 entries)
· Weather (171 entries)
· Military (168 entries)
· Protests (157 entries)
· Culture (106 entries)
· Garuda Indonesia (91 entries)
· C. Sulawesi conflict (86 entries)
· Human rights (82 entries)
· Forest fires (78 entries)
· Sidoarjo mudflow (71 entries)
· Power supply (64 entries)
· Ramadan (63 entries)
· PT Freeport (55 entries)
· Picture guess (48 entries)
· Maluku conflict (47 entries)
· Dengue Fever (37 entries)
· History (37 entries)
· Infrastructure (36 entries)
· Polio (35 entries)
· Mexican flu (35 entries)
· Website (25 entries)
· Media (22 entries)
· Nuclear power (21 entries)
· Sports (20 entries)
· Sexy (16 entries)
· SARS (15 entries)
· Nightlife (10 entries)
· Others (5 entries)
· Lippo Cikarang (5 entries)
· Close smallest categories
 EXCHANGE RATES
EUR-IDR: 16,590 · 16,620  The Rupiah rate declined since yesterday
@ 17 May 2018 18:12 CET
JPY-IDR: 126.83 · 126.95  The Rupiah rate improved since yesterday
@ 17 May 2018 21:58 CET
MYR-IDR: 3,545 · 3,549  The Rupiah rate declined since yesterday
@ 15 May 2018 08:42 CET
SGD-IDR: 10,479 · 10,501  The Rupiah rate declined since yesterday
@ 07 May 2018 07:48 CET
THB-IDR: 439.14 · 439.41  The Rupiah rate declined since yesterday
@ 16 May 2018 09:18 CET
USD-IDR: 14,097 · 14,157  The Rupiah rate declined since yesterday
@ 17 May 2018 00:46 CET
Go to 'exchange rates' 
 MOST RECENT REACTIONS
·  At 20 September 2018 06:54 erik12 reacted on Fuel prices lowered, again
·  At 19 October 2015 17:17 imambudianto5 reacted on Bank Indonesia maintains benchmark interest rate at 7.75%
·  At 04 March 2015 19:18 merdekaSah reacted on Alleged terrorists shot dead three villagers in Poso
·  At 04 March 2015 13:11 Yogya-Bali reacted on Alleged terrorists shot dead three villagers in Poso
·  At 26 February 2015 13:02 Irena reacted on Sexy, a young woman with candy
·  At 08 May 2014 09:51 jstar reacted on No alcohol should be sold in warung
·  At 01 May 2014 10:07 jstar reacted on Indonesia to be among the top 10 peacekeeping contributors
·  At 27 March 2014 05:50 harlys reacted on PPP leader voices concern over Islamic parties' future
·  At 10 March 2014 06:11 Yogya-Bali reacted on Sriwijaya Air leaves behind 200 passengers at airport
·  At 09 March 2014 00:11 Yerun reacted on Sriwijaya Air leaves behind 200 passengers at airport
·  At 08 March 2014 20:33 nicknick reacted on Sriwijaya Air leaves behind 200 passengers at airport
·  At 18 February 2014 04:17 Yerun reacted on Ash from Mount Kelud eruption spreads over all of Java
·  At 16 February 2014 05:41 Amed East Bali reacted on Ash from Mount Kelud eruption spreads over all of Java
·  At 14 February 2014 22:27 Anne Mieke reacted on Asylum seekers in Medan wish to be sent to Australia
·  At 14 February 2014 22:22 beritaislam reacted on Asylum seekers in Medan wish to be sent to Australia
·  At 16 January 2014 15:37 Anne Mieke reacted on Landslides cut off Tomohon-Manado road
·  At 16 January 2014 15:21 Yerun reacted on Landslides cut off Tomohon-Manado road
·  At 16 January 2014 15:05 Anne Mieke reacted on Landslides cut off Tomohon-Manado road
·  At 16 January 2014 14:48 Yerun reacted on Landslides cut off Tomohon-Manado road
·  At 16 January 2014 14:41 Yerun reacted on Landslides cut off Tomohon-Manado road
Go to 'forum topics' 

Created by indahnesia.com · feedback & contact · © 2000-2019
Other websites by indahnesia.com: ticketindonesia.info · kamus-online.com · indonesiepagina.nl · suvono.nl

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional 125,797,373 pageviews Discover Indonesia Online at indahnesia.com